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Facts used in this essay
were compiled primarily from:
The Shoemaker's Children, Fred T. May, Gateway Press,
Baltimore, MD, 1998.
Thirty Thousand Names of Immigrants in Pennsylvania: 1727-1776,
I. Daniel Rupp,
Reprinted from the 2nd edition, Philadelphia, PA, 1876,
Genealogical Pub. Co Baltimore, MD 1965.
Pennsylvania German Pioneers, A Publication of the Original
Lists of Arrivals in the
Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808, R. B. Strassburger
& W.J. Hinke,
Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1966.
The Shenandoah, Julia Davis, Farrar & Rinehard, Inc,
New York, NY, 1945.
History of Berkley County, West Virginia, Willis F. Evans,
200 Years, A Bicentennial Illustrated History of the United
States, Vol. 1,
Books by U.S. News &
World Report , New York, NY, 1973.
George Washington; A Biography, Washington Irving [1783-1859]
Edited and abridged by Charles Neider, Doubleday, New York,
Lancaster in the Revolution, Charles H. Kessler, Sutter
House, Lititz, PA, 1975
The War of the Revolution, Christopher Ward, Macmillan
Co., New York, NY, 1952.
Pennsylvania Longrifles of Note, George Shumway, York,
The Pennsylvania-German in the Revolutionary War - 1775-1783,
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg Richards,
The Pennsylvania-German Society
Proceedings and Addresses, Vol. XVII, Lancaster, 1908. Reprint:
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, 1978.
NOTE: Anyone interested in more facts on the German influence
in the development of America can contact the Pennsylvania German
Society, a nonprofit, educational organization founded in 1891
and devoted to the study of the Pennsylvania German people and
their 300+ years of history in America.
The Pennsylvania German Society
P.O. Box 244
Kutztown, PA 19530-0244
Fax: (610) 894-9808